What Fields Can You Work In For A Zoologist?

What Fields Can You Work In For A Zoologist?
What Fields Can You Work In For A Zoologist?

Zoology is a wide branch of biology that may lead to a variety of interesting jobs. Zoologists work in a variety of settings, including fish hatcheries, conservation agencies, zoos, aquariums, state parks, private research labs, and schools, to use their understanding of animal behavior, reproduction, migration, and evolution.

Animal scientists who study livestock and other domesticated animals are similar to zoologists. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), about 18,500 zoology and wildlife zoologists were employed in the United States as of May 2020, with 63 percent working for state or federal agencies.

Zoologist Education and Training

According to ONET, a bachelor’s degree is required to become a zoologist, but entry-level animal caretaker positions at zoos and aquariums may be obtained with a high school diploma. Students majoring in zoology take animal biology, ecology, genetics, and evolution classes at zoology and wildlife biologist schools like the University of Florida. A master’s degree is necessary for scientific research, and for most college teaching and research jobs, a Ph.D. is required.

Wildlife Management

Wildlife Management
Wildlife Management

Conservation jobs are available in government organizations such as the Department of Natural Resources, the United States Forest Service, and the United States Conservation Corps for zoologists with specific training in wildlife biology. They spend their days utilizing geographic information systems (GIS), modeling software, and statistical tools to study changes in animal populations and migratory patterns.

Wildlife managers also look into potential threats to wildlife, such as diseases and invasive species, which may impact the natural environment. Nonprofit groups and companies hire zoologists to help maintain healthy animal populations for conservation and tourism reasons.

Fisheries Management

Fish hatcheries and government-funded facilities, such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) fisheries, are common places for zoologists in the area of fisheries biology to work. NOAA’s fisheries biologists use conservation techniques to protect the long-term sustainability of fishing communities that have been harmed by overfishing.

Some zoologists also work in one of the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s 72 national fish hatcheries. Fisheries biologists at the Erwin National Fish Hatchery in Tennessee, for example, oversee the production of rainbow trout eggs for distribution to smaller hatcheries throughout the country.

Educating the Public

Educating the Public
Educating the Public

Environmental education may be a good fit for zoologists who love dealing with both animals and humans. For example, they could be a naturalist at an environmental center, a park ranger at a state park, an educational coordinator at a natural history museum, or a zoological technician in a public aquarium or a whale-watching boat. Their work includes giving presentations and tours to guests of all ages who are curious about animals in the natural environment.

Research Studies

According to National Geographic, famous zoologists like Alfred Wallace and Charles Darwin profoundly improved the field of biology with their work on natural selection and evolution. Modern zoologists are still using these concepts to study animal adaptability and survival to preserve biodiversity and endangered species. Working for private and government labs, research institutions, environmental consulting companies, and land management agencies is possible for research scientists with a zoology background.

Teaching Positions

Many zoologists move into high school or college teaching, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. These teachers use lectures, laboratory experiments, and field investigations to share their zoological knowledge. Wildlife biologist college professors also conduct research at university research institutes and publish their findings in scientific journals.