Winning a Nobel Prize is a huge challenge for scientists. The fact that a female scientist wins a Nobel Prize is even more difficult. In the blog “Top Female Scientists Who Won Nobel Prizes – Part 1“, you have learned why there are so few female scientists who have won the Nobel Prize and two prominent faces. In this blog content, let’s learn more about other female scientists who have won the Nobel Prize.
2. Women chemists win Nobel prizes in history
2.3. Irene Joliot-Curie
Irène Joliot-Curie is a French chemist and physicist, the daughter of the famous scientific couple Pierre Curie and Marie Currie.
She and her husband, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, researched work on artificial emissions. For this work, she was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
2.4. Maria Goeppert-Mayer
Thanks to the theory of layered nuclear structure, she and Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen won the Nobel Prize in physics. The German-American physicist, along with Marie Curie, are the only two women to have won the Nobel Prize in physics to date.
2.5. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
She is a British female chemist who won the 1964 Nobel Prize in chemistry for her work determining the structural formulas of biologically active substances using X-ray crystallography. She was one of four female chemists to win the Nobel prize award and is one of only two female chemists to win the award independently.
2.6. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
She is an American medical physicist who won the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1977 along with Roger Guillemin and Andrew Schally. She is best known for her work on the development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) – an X-ray immunoassay using a radioactive tracer that allows the measurement of small amounts of biological substances in human blood.
She is the second woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine after Gerty Cori.
2.7. Barbara McClintock
She is one of the world’s foremost scientists in the field of cell genetics. McClintock received her doctorate in botany from Cornell University in 1927. At the same university, she became a leader in the cytogenetics of corn.
She won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for her research on genetic factors and the regulation of heredity.
2.8. Rita Levi-Montalcini
She is an Italian neurologist. Together with colleague Stanley Cohen, she won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
In September 1946, Levi-Montalcini came to work at the University of Washington. Here she studied her most important work. By observing several cancerous tissues, which cause extremely rapid nerve cell growth, she identified nerve growth factor (NGF) in 1952.
To date, she is the oldest living Nobel laureate and also the first Nobel laureate to live to be 100 years old.
2.9. Gertrude Belle Elion
Scientist Gertrude B.Elion was born in 1918 in New York, USA. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1988 together with George Hitchings and Sir James Black for the development of new drugs against blood cancer, gout, and malaria.
She used new engineering research methods, which later led to the creation of the drug AZT – the world’s first HIV drug.