Mathematicians contribute a large part to scientific works in particular and the development of life in general. In the blog “**The Most Famous Mathematicians In The World – Part 1**“, we have learned about 3 famous mathematicians of the world – Isaac Newton, Blaise Pascal, and Fibonacci. In this blog, we will bring you useful information about other famous mathematicians and their greatest contributions to mankind.

**Thales (624 – 546 BC)**

Thalès de Milet was a Greek philosopher and mathematician who lived before Socrates, the head of the seven sages of Greece. He is also considered an early Greek philosopher and the “father of science”. He had great merit in the field of mathematics when he invented a mathematical theorem and named himself, that is Thales’ law.

There are many applications of Thales’ theorem in life, such as measuring the height of the pyramids, measuring the length and width of a river, the height of a mountain, and so on.

**Pythagoras (572 – 490 BC)**

Greece is considered the cradle of the most talented **scientists** in the world and Pythagoras is also one of the most famous Greek scientist. Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher and founder of a religious movement called the Pythagorean doctrine. He is generally known as a great scientist and mathematician.

Pythagoras was a famous Greek sage and scientist in ancient times. His name and basic mathematical theorems are always in the book. The famous Pythagorean theorem “In a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is always equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides” is considered a basic premise in geometry and made him famous around the world.

In life, people use the Pythagorean theorem to measure the lengths of the sides of a right triangle and calculate the distance between two points on the same plane.

**Alan Turing (1912 – 1954)**

Alan Turing is an English mathematician,** cryptographer**, and logician. He is known as the father of computer science. The Turing test is one of the most outstanding achievements he has left to mankind.

This test is considered one of the great contributions to the artificial intelligence industry. This challenge raises the question of whether machines will ever gain consciousness and be able to think for themselves. This test inspires scientists to research supercomputers and artificial intelligence in the future.

In 1952, he published an article on this subject, under the title “The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis”. The focus of this article is on understanding the cyclical arrangement of leaves in the Fibonacci sequence and the existence of the Fibonacci sequence in the structure of plants.

**Andrew Wiles**

Andrew Wiles was an English mathematician who was the first to prove Fermat’s great theorem. The year of his birth and death is still unknown. Andrew Wiles was introduced to Fermat’s great theorem when he was 10 years old. In the following years, he tried to find a way to prove this theorem using the traditional methods of the book. However, at the beginning of his Ph.D. period, he switched to the study of elliptic functions, under the guidance of Professor John Coates.

During his time as a Ph.D. student at Clare College in Cambridge, he was also an **assistant professor** at Harvard University. In 1980, when he received his doctorate, he went to work for a time in Bonn before coming to the United States. In 1981, he became a professor at Princeton University.