Mathematics is the study of numbers, structures, and space. Every area of life is related to mathematics. That is why **mathematicians** receive a lot of respect not only from researchers but also from everyone. This blog will introduce the most famous mathematicians in the world ever. Let’s see which faces you recognize.

**Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727)**

Isaac Newton is not only a mathematician but also a prominent physicist, philosopher, **astronomer**, etc. of mankind. Isaac Newton was born into a poor farming family in Lincolnshire, United Kingdom. Thanks to his passion for science with numbers, he has researched and published valuable theories and scientific works for all mankind such as Newton’s law, universal gravitation, Newton’s general binomial, etc. In the field of mathematics, he, together with Gottfried Leibniz, researched and developed differential and integral calculus.

Differential and integral calculus was created to solve four scientific problems of the seventeenth century as follows:

– Problem 1: Solve physics problems. Objects move according to a formula that is a function of time.

– Problem 2: Find the tangent of a curve. This problem belongs to problems of geometry, but it has important applications in science.

– Problem 3: The problem of finding the maximum and minimum values of a function

– Problem 4: Find the length of the curve, such as the distance traveled by a planet in a certain time; the area of the figure bounded by the curves; the volume of blocks bounded by faces, and so on.

**Blaise Pascal (1623 – 1662)**

Blaise Pascal is a gifted mathematician. He was also a French **physicist**, inventor, and Christian philosopher. He was the first to research and invent the mechanical calculator and this invention is known as the Pascal calculator.

In 1653, he wrote Traité du triangle arithmétique (Treatise on Arithmetic Triangles) describing a form called Pascal’s Triangle. This treatise is the premise of the birth of the seven equality constants and is used to prove Newton’s binomial. In addition, it is also applied in computer algorithms. His Pascal programming language is widely applied in real life such as Application Programming, Software, Robot Programming.

Although he died at the age of 39 due to physical weakness, he left many legacies and made great contributions to world mathematics in particular and world science in general.

**Fibonacci (1170 – 1250)**

Fibonacci was a brilliant Italian mathematician. Although he was not the inventor, he contributed greatly to spreading the Hindu-Arabic numeral system popular throughout Europe. The modern series of numbers bears his name, the Fibonacci numbers are still commonly used until now.

The application of Hindu-Arabic coefficients in life is extremely diverse, including bookkeeping, volume and length conversion, interest calculation, currency exchange, and so on.

It is a coincidence that the Fibonacci sequence coincides with the number of petals of most flowers in nature such as lilies, yellow ranunculus, canary flowers, marigolds, etc. The Fibonacci sequence is considered the golden ratio for the standard of beauty in art, **architecture**, and finance.