The universe is an interesting mysterious world, but also full of dangers. Therefore, to go into space, astronauts have to go through a very complex process of selection and training, which, if said out, would certainly make you feel overwhelmed.
The Request Seems Easy But Not Simple
Each country has certain health requirements for its astronauts, but the common point is that they must all be in very good physical condition. The more important factor is the ability to withstand the feeling of dizziness that comes from the zero gravity environment.
The pre-qualification requirements are really not too strict. Candidates only need to reach a height of over 1.47m, have good eyesight and stable blood pressure. There is no age limit on the profession of astronauts, although the majority of people who do this are between the ages of 25 and 46.
However, at the moment, the requirements for astronauts also involve social skills. They must not only have good health, but also know how to work with others, be confident, and be able to work well under pressure in a multitasking environment.
Before being assigned to the task, they will have to practice giving presentations to crowds, work with experts and even interact with government officials. This can help astronauts learn how to work effectively with the different types of people in their lives.
Astronauts are required to have a university degree and relevant experience. Often, they must have a background in the sciences, and many even have a doctorate, or military expertise.
However, regardless of their specialty, once they are admitted to the government space agency, they will have to undergo a rigorous training program to be able to live and work in the space environment.
Just like the pilot, most astronauts have to learn to fly planes, handle simulated situations, learn first aid and use specialized tools in case of an emergency. Besides, they also have to spend a lot of time learning the theory of the machine system, as well as the mechanism behind the experiments they will perform in space. This process takes a lot of time and effort.
Physical Training – The Process Is Not Simple
The human body was created to adapt to a gravitational environment. So it is clear that the environment in space is not friendly to our biology.
Therefore, astronauts need a lot of time for the organs in the body to get used to the supergravity environment. This is emphasized a lot in the training process.
They have to regularly practice with the Vomit Comet ring – a device that moves the occupant in a continuous parabolic ring to get used to the feeling of no gravity. In addition, they can really experience the feeling of floating by practicing moving in water tanks that simulate reality in outer space.
Survival skills must also be practiced perfectly, in case an emergency occurs. Today’s virtual reality technology also plays an important role in the training of astronauts, because they help them learn to interact with the space environment in the most realistic way, both visually and physically.