How Biology Can Save Us From Global Warming?

Human development is leading  to the deterioration of the environment. Climate change is the most pressing challenging humankind has ever faced. The consequence is very complex while it impacts on both human and natural habitat today and even the future. Therefore, Biology influence is important in understanding the complexity of climate change and in building a climate-friendly world. 

Biology
Biology

The cause of Climate change

The greenhouse effect is defined as a warming of the lowest layer of the Earth’s atmosphere due to carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (water vapour, methane and nitrous oxide, among others). Currently, human activity is rapidly causing climate change by releasing pollutant gases. Carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide from fossil fuel have increased significantly in the last two centuries.

Damaging the biodiversity

Damaging the biodiversity
Damaging the biodiversity

A consequence of higher climate is destroying the living habitat of many creatures. Climate change has a wide range of effects on ecosystems. Global temperature rises may result in extended growing seasons and, as a result, range shifts or habitat loss in some locations. This creates alterations in food webs, which have an impact on species and populations. Furthermore, climate change is causing an increase in excessive rains, droughts, harsh weather, and forest fires.

Rising sea level

Climate increase causing the ice from two poles of the earth melting and rising the sea level. The penetration of seawater creates a higher chance of natural disaster such as flood or tsunami and threats to many aspects of living conditions. A high level of water volume, which can not recede after the heavy rain, sinks houses, agricultural lands and roads. People are now facing no food, no place to live and they can not even move due to the water that has surrounded them. 

Acid Rain

Acid Rain effect
Acid Rain effect

Normally, rain is created by the evaporation of water. But now, since the high volume of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere combine with water and create acid rain. Acid rain can destroy the forest by contaminating the soil with high levels of acid. Sea creatures will also be affected by this phenomenon as it causes losing the pH balance in water, and threats to calcium carbonate shells such as corals, molluscs and gastropods.

The importance of Biology 

The implication of Biology plays an important role in dealing with climate change, as well as providing methods for mitigation and adaptation. The primary techniques for mitigating climate change include biodiversity conservation and enhancement.

Studying life in all its forms is key to our understanding of many elements of the world around us. From the depths of the oceans to the deserts, swamp and wetlands, temperate regions and tundra and ice sheets, life is everywhere. That’s why Biologists understand how everylife on Earth survives and they can show us the path to reduce the harsh situation like climate change. 

Researching about Carbon stock

Carbon stock conservation and improvement are critical components of climate protection. Sustainable forest management, for example, encourages leaving high stumps in logged forests and establishing more sustainable and realistic profit objectives to allow wood to grow longer and absorb carbon. Even with extensive forest management, certain areas can be kept undisturbed as biodiversity reserves.

Reservation

Protecting the biodiversity of nature is the main goal of Biology. They provide places for new and fragile species to breed and live. The survival of endangered species can be substantially enhanced by expanding the extent of protected areas and, in the process, building links between them by constructing wildlife corridors or restoring habitats.

Biologist work is also examining the symbiotic relationship between life and its environment, studying such things as adaptability, population change, famine and ecological change.