Oceans cover 80% of the Earth’s surface. According to recent studies, all that people know about the ocean is only a very small part of what it contains. That’s why people are always curious and want to explore it deeper. In this blog post, you can learn more about oceanography.
Oceanography is a branch of the Earth sciences, the study of the oceans including the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. Oceanography covers four main topics. The first topic is about marine biology and ecological kinetics. The second one focuses on ocean currents, ocean waves, and fluid dynamics. The next theme studies plate tectonics and undersea geology. The final point explores the flux of many chemicals & physical properties in the ocean and the boundaries they move across.
The knowledge that oceanography provides
Oceanography equips researchers not only with knowledge of the sea such as the water cycle, tides in rivers and seas, etc., but also knowledge of other scientific fields such as physics, biology, geography, chemistry, etc. A number of applied skills in oceanography are provided such as remote sensing, marine management and exploitation – especially in coastal processes.
In addition, knowledge of the atmosphere and climate system will be taught. Forecasting skills in meteorology, climate change and its impact on human life will also be included throughout the training program.
Applications of oceanography to all areas of life
Oceanography is a multidisciplinary field of study, involving mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and the environment. This branch of science directly serves the fields of marine transportation, oil and gas industry, fishing, marine construction, marine environment control and protection, economy – ecology and marine management, ensuring hydrometeorological information for economic and defense activities at sea.
Moreover, oceanography has the ability to provide analysis, assessment and forecast of environmental pollution, erosion processes, saline intrusion, natural disasters, climate change, etc.
Necessary factors before joining Oceanography
The prerequisite of oceanography is a love for scientific fields and a desire to discover the laws of nature. Because the nature of this job involves a lot of data, you need to practice your statistical skills like analytical & logical thinking, self-organizing your work, self-doing research, etc. Finally, the indispensable element is perseverance as well as a passion for the sea, and sea creatures for specific.
Job opportunities in Oceanography
Oceanographers are people who conduct studies of the oceans. They study natural resources, animal, and plant populations. Their research purposes are diverse such as the origin of life, earthquake prevention, searching for resources on the seabed, etc.
After graduating with a major in oceanography, you can become a teacher at universities with some additional pedagogical certificates. If you are interested in research-intensive work, you can apply for positions in the weather forecast center, oceanographic institute, geological institute, or some organizations related to maritime, ocean transport, etc.